In 2002, the BRAC Development Institute developed a poverty Graduation Program with an innovative and holistic approach in Bangladesh called Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction/Targeting the Ultra Poor (De Montesquiou et al., 2014). About 400,000 people participated, most of them women heads of household (Fundación Capital and DPS, 2015). From this experience, the CGAP (Consultative Group to Assist the Poor) and the Ford Foundation implemented ten pilots of the Graduation Programs in eight countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Pakistan , Peru and Yemen) between 2006 and 2014. These benefitted about 5,000 people, most of them women (Fundación Capital and DPS, 2015).
The Platform for Evaluation and Learning of the Graduation Program in Latin America is an initiative for assessing the graduation program in Latin America. Nowadays, different graduation programs have been or are being implemented by the governments of Colombia, Mexico, Paraguay and Honduras. The inclusion of these programs by the governments to their public policy is an important difference with respect to the first generation of Graduation Programs, and is the main focus of this research.
The evaluation is performed by the Economics Department of the Universidad de los Andes (UNIANDES), through the Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Económico (CEDE) as the Platform coordinator, in partnership with Implementing Partners in each country or region where these programs are being implemented. The Platform is funded by and in collaboration with the IDRC (International Development Research Center) of Canada, Ford Foundation, Fundación Capital, which is also the technical advisor for the evaluated programs, and the governments of each country.
The Platform for Evaluation and Learning of the Graduation Program in Latin America is led by Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Económico (CEDE) of the Economics Department at Universidad de los Andes. The CEDE is one of the first and main research and consultancy centers studying economic and social issues in Colombia. It is renowned for the quality and innovation of its research, for having a highly qualified professional and teaching team and for its impact on public policy issues in Colombia and the region.
The Platform is an effort financed by:
The International Development Research Centre is an initiative of the Canadian government for funding researches in developing countries. Established in 1970, it aims to support researchers in these countries with financial resources, advice, and training.
The Ford Foundation has been implementing activities to increase social welfare for over 80 years. Since the 1940s, the Ford Foundation has been recognized as one of the largest philanthropic organizations in the world. Guided by social justice as its general purpose, the Ford Foundation has directed its efforts to reduce poverty and injustice, strengthen democratic values, promote international cooperation and advance in human achievement.
Fundación Capital is an international development organization that works to promote inclusive processes, partnerships and innovation that help people to define their own pathways out of poverty. It collaborates with the public and private sector in the development and implementation of new ideas, geared towards helping low-income families grow, enhance, and protect their financial, human, and productive assets.
This higher education institution was founded in 1948; it is autonomous, independent and innovative, it promotes pluralism, tolerance, and respect for ideas. It procures academic excellence and provides its students with critical and ethical training to strengthen their awareness of their social and civic responsibilities, and it is committed to working in favor of the environment. It seeks to support research activities contributing to country’s development and its international projection.