Sembrando Oportunidades Familia por Familia (SOF) - Paraguay

Program name:

Sembrando Oportunidades Familia por Familia (Sowing Opportunities Family by Family) – SOF




San Pedro (Capiibary and Chore districts) and
Caaguazú (Carayaó district)

Start date:

December, 2015


18 months


Yes, it is

Scale up contemplated? 

Yes, it is already on execution

Component of a larger program? 

Yes, it is part of the Programa Nacional de Lucha contra la Pobreza, Sembrando Oportunidades (Fight Against Poverty National Program, Sowing Opportunities)

Participating households:

776 ((January, 2017)

Main Messages

  • In this case, the program succeeded in providing tools, both physical and psychological, to households to start their own productive projects, reducing external and internal barriers to overcoming poverty.

  • The increases in work hours and labor income of the participants show that the program succeeded in empowering participants to generate income for their families. This, together with the increase in assets and savings, and the absence of increase in consumption, suggests that participants use the increase in income to reinvest in their productive project.

  • Although there were no significant changes in household income, the decrease in income from non-agricultural work and the increase in income from own agricultural activities suggests that households made a transition to independent income generation.

  • These effects are accompanied by an increase in the participants’ perception of well-being.

Program Objectives

Promote a process of social and economic inclusion for families in extreme poverty in coordination with the private sector, by strengthening inclusive value chains, promoting social participation of the extreme poor and strengthening their organizations.

Targeting criteria

Base on area of residence (urban, rural, mixed)?


Based on gender?


Based on poverty line?

Yes, extreme poverty

Based on another vulnerability?



Other institutions


Agencia Española de Cooperación Internacional para el Desarrollo (AECID)
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería (MAG) – Proyecto de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible (PRODERS)

Supporting entities

Servicio Nacional de Promoción Profesional
Ministerio de Hacienda (Programa Pensión Alimentaria para Adultos Mayores)
Secretaria de Acción Social (Programa Tekoporá)
Banco Nacional de Fomento


Evaluation No. 1

Implementing Institution: CADEP

Type: Process Evaluation

Objective: Evaluate the operation of the graduation program Seeding Opportunities, in the three districts in which will be, based on a systematic analysis of its operation. Thereby, identify how their processes and activities lead to the achievement of products as defined in the design, and to detect bottlenecks and best practices in processes and activities implementation.


  • Supporting documentation review
  • Interviews with national and local stakeholders (STP, FK)
  • Interview with regional and local officers
  • Survey to regional and local officers
  • Interviews/focus group with participants
Evaluation No. 2

Implementing Institution: CEDE, STP and CADEP

Type:Results Evaluation

Objective: Compare the performance of participants, over previously defined dimensions (e.g., income, consumption, etc.), before and after the transfer of assets provided by the program.


  • Survey to participants
  • Interviews/focus group with participants
Implementing institution

The Centro de Estudios sobre Desarrollo Económico (CEDE) is one of the first and main research and consultancy centers on economic and social in Colombia. It is renowned for the quality and innovation of its research, for having a highly qualified professional and teaching team and for its impact on public policy issues in Colombia and the region.


The Centro de Análisis y difusión de la Economía Paraguaya (CADEP),), founded in 1990, is a non-governmental organization, non-profit and of common good, dedicated to research, training and dissemination in the field of economics and political sciences.

Work Team

Jorge Maldonado

Principal Research –
Quantitative Analysis



Viviana León-Jurado

Researcher and
Case Coordinator

John Gómez


Daniel Rodríguez

Research assistant

Verónica Serafini

Principal investigator
Qualitative Analysis

Lis García